“Scene Outside an Inn” is a hand-colored art piece painted by Henry William Bunbury during the 1750s to the 1800s. The art piece is one of a young man being helped off a horse by two women while another waits off to the side. A stern-faced man stands in front of them waiting for the young man to dismount while another man stands in the window staring intently at a book in his hands. This piece comes to life with its use of bright colors and its attempts to appear much more creative during the enlightenment era as opposed to the Renaissance, that had still yet to capture the refinement to the extent the Enlighment era had. This piece is just one of many pieces painted by Henry during the 1750s and early 1800s in his quest to document what occurred during his time.


There are 6 people that take part in this painting: 3 women and 3 men. The first two women are on either side of a young man who they are helping dismount off of a horse. The other woman sits on a stepping stool that is used for getting on and off a horse and she has a kind smile on her face. The other man stares at the young boys as he as just arrived and finally the man in the window is reading something to himself in the window sill. This all takes place outside an Inn with a long fortress-like building as the backdrop.


The name of this piece is “Scene Outside an Inn”. The title is used to describe what is occurring in the painting. Without the title, you would not know the location of where the event took place and thus you could misinterpret the piece. The use of the word scene in the title makes the moment seem as though it is incredibly important; therefore it is being documented in the title. The use of the word scene is to document the beginning of something important or the act of it being carried out which adds to the importance of the tittle.


The intent of this art piece is to document an important moment. This scene outside of the Inn, though its may seem unnecessary or unimportant, actually means something to the artist who painted it and even to the people that he is painting it of. The message of this piece is to see all of the important parts of a moment – notice the person standing off to the side of the window. Henry did not paint him to take up space, he painted him because he was important to the moment. This was a major role that Henry took when painting, he made each character there for a reason for the viewer to attempt to interpret. Henry was also trying to capture a normal moment. There were large amounts of new ways of living due to the Industrial Revolution, slave trade and foreign relations that Henry wanted to capture a calm moment in a part of Britain.


During the time of this artwork, many European countries were currently fighting in wars such as the Seven Years War. Many revolutions of all kinds sprang up like the Haitian, French, and Venezuelan Revolution. The British were in a great upheaval with America as it attempts to go through its own Revolution as well. The British were in a mad rush to figure out how to control their colonies in America as they continued to rebel against the British Crown. They British are also were going through an Industrial Revolution where things are being created faster and people now leave their homes to go work in factories.


The “Scene Outside of the Inn” is a piece of art painted by Henry William Bunbury during the 1750s to the 1800s in order to capture a tranquil moment in the racing heart of a revolution. Even though this piece seems too simple to have any true meaning during this time there was so much bloodshed and destruction that being able to find such a calm moment like this was something Henry William Bunbury truly did not take for granted.



Julie Apagya-Bonney
Malinche Malinchista {Malinalli} Marina Dona Marina

Malinalli was a sacrificial lamb of a woman draped in cloaks of misunderstanding. Malinalli was forced into a life of slavery by her mother (pg.26 ) “Her mother let go of her tiny grasping fingers, gave her away to her new masters, and turned away.” who wanted to create her son into a man of great wealth this is where Malinalli’s journey as a victim, traitor and survivor truly begin.

Though in order to get the full picture of Malinalli’s role as a traitor, survivor and victim you have to first start with her birth.(pg.5 ) Malinalli cheated what should have been her death and because of this, she is a traitor in the hands of death. My belief is that because of this her father died he was to pay with his life for his daughter who was not taken. She is a survivor because she was able to escape the grasp of death though narrowly but this is also the first time she is a victim. Malinalli isn’t even fully born when she faces her first trial and she was able to succeed that’s where you see her in all her rights as a victim, traitor and survivor.

Subsequently, Malinalli is made out to be the traitor. Malinalli becomes the tongue of Cortes as a young teen and having to speak to someone who has full control over you and your people you have to figure out what’s best for as many people as possible. Malinalli is instead faced with the trial of watching Montezuma fall done by her hand.(pg. 94 )”Malinalli had not yet finished translating these last words when the discharge of a harquebus signaled the beginning of slaughter.”. Malinalli also turns her back on her mother because of what was done to her. Malinalli begins on this transition of being lost and for a while, you see her as a traitor.

Malinalli ends ups under the hurtful grasp of victimhood. Her mother sends her away to live in a life of pain as a slave who is sold over and over again and the only thing she can work towards is gain favoritism under each of her new masters.(pg.26 ) Soon after she is raped by Cortes (pg.79 ) and can only be used when needed and made to feel like a toy used only when necessary. Malinalli is also impregnated by Cortes and forced to separate from her son. Malinalli is once again forced into a new form of ownership by Cortes. Malinalli is given to Jaramillo who loves her from behind the scenes and this is where she finds her first salvation(pg.79 & 157-158). “Later, Cortes and his retinue were witness at the wedding of Jaramillo and Malinalli.”

Through the long journey that Malinalli faces she finds two key moments of truly surviving. Malinalli is given away to Jaramillo who turns out to be a man who she can truly care for. (pg.184 )Malinalli creates a beautiful baby girl together with Jaramillo (pg.159 )”Malinalli was about to be a mother for the second time.” and she finally finds the life that she had always wanted since she was a small child playing in the mud with her grandmother. Last is her being able to let go of it all on pg. 185 Malinalli “, like Quetzalcoatl before her, on facing her dark side became aware of the light… Her spirit became one with the water. It scattered in the air.” Malinalli speaks about having a passionate night with her husband before heading to a cliff and finally letting it all go on her own terms. She has finally done away with all of the struggles that had held her back and instead looks to a new life.

Malinalli no matter what has happened first is a survivor. She was stripped away of her humanism and made into an object put away nice and neat when not needed and viciously yanked back to life whenever necessary. Malinalli was a young girl that lived every day the best she could with no means of freedom insight so the role of survivor strong and proud fits her to a T.